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Sampling and Monitoring


Representatives of the Rouge Project have developed numerous technical reports concerning the ongoing sampling and monitoring program. See also the Sampling and Monitoring section of this Web site for more general information on this program. To view reports that specify other topics the Rouge Project addresses, click on Wetlands, Watershed Management, Geographic Information Systems/Data Management, Non-point Source Pollution, Illicit Discharges/Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems, Financial and Institutional Arrangements, Modeling, Monitoring, and Combined Sewer Overflows for general information on the program.

For additional information and reports about ecosystem health monitoring in the Rouge River watershed, please visit the Friends of the Rouge website at www.therouge.org.


  1. 1993-1994 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River
  2. 1993-1994 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan
  3. 1993-1994 Sampling Program Overview
  4. 1995 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River
  5. 1995 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  6. 1995 Sediment Oxygen Demand Studies
  7. 1995 Streambank Erosion Reconnaissance Survey
  8. 1996 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River
  9. 1996 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  10. 1996 Sediment Oxygen Demand Studies
  11. 1997 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed
  12. 1997 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  13. 1998 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed
  14. 1998 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  15. 1999 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed
  16. 1999 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  17. 2000 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed
  18. 2000 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  19. 2001 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed
  20. 2001 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  21. 2002 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed
  22. 2002 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  23. 2003 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan
  24. 2003 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  25. 2004 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan
  26. 2004 Five Year Plan Dry Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure
  27. 2004 Five Year Plan Wet Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure
  28. 2004 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  29. 2005 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan
  30. 2005 Five Year Plan Dry Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure
  31. 2005 Five Year Plan Wet Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure
  32. 2005 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  33. 2006 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan
  34. 2006 Five Year Plan Dry Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure
  35. 2006 Five Year Plan Wet Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure
  36. 2006 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  37. 2007 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan
  38. 2007 Five Year Plan Dry Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure
  39. 2007 Five Year Plan Wet Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure
  40. 2007 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  41. 2008 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  42. 2009 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  43. 2010 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  44. 2011 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  45. 2012 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report
  46. Abandoned Dump Site Leachate Sampling Field Sampling Plan
  47. Aesthetic Descriptors of Water Quality: Rouge River and Main Tributaries
  48. Aesthetic Quality Index For The Rouge River
  49. Aquatic Habitat Field Sampling Plan
  50. Aquatic Habitat Survey
  51. Assessment of Toxic Contaminants: 1996 Dry Weather Toxics Assessment Survey Results
  52. Bathymetric Surveys Field Sampling Plan
  53. Bathymetric Surveys of the Middle Rouge Impoundments
  54. Branch Report: Lower Rouge River
  55. Communicating Rouge Project Findings: Use of Quality Indicators to Report on Rouge River Status and Trends
  56. Development of a Monitoring Program to Support the Rouge River Watershed
  57. Ecological Targets for Rehabilitation of the Rouge River
  58. Ecological Targets for Rehabilitation of the Rouge River: Part I - Interim Report on Fish Communities and Summer Temperatures: Part II - Interim Report on Discharge Regimes
  59. Environmental Monitoring Program to Support the Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project
  60. Evaluation of Aesthetic Conditions Within the Rouge River: Results for the 1996 Monitoring Season
  61. Frog and Toad Survey of the Middle 1 Subwatershed
  62. Impoundment Limnological Studies Field Sampling Plan
  63. Johnson Creek Reconnaissance Survey
  64. Newburgh Lake Geotechnical Investigation
  65. Newburgh Lake Sediment Core Sampling and Analysis
  66. Nonpoint Source Storm Event Monitoring Program Field Sampling Plan
  67. Rouge River Reconnaissance Survey
  68. Rouge River Watershed Sediment Reconnaissance Survey
  69. Rouge River Watershed Sediment Reconnaissance Survey QAPP
  70. Sampling Site Selection
  71. Sediment Oxygen Demand Studies Field Sampling Plan
  72. State of the Rouge Reports
  73. Stream and Dam Reaeration Studies Field Sampling Plan
  74. Stream Time of Travel Studies
  75. Stream Time-of-Travel Studies Field Sampling Plan
  76. Summary of Bell Branch/Tarabusi Creek Outfall Inventory
  77. What We Have Learned: 1994 Status Report
  78. What We Have Learned: 1995 Status Report

1993-1994 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River

Richard A. Wagner and Thomas F. Quasebarth

Technical Memorandum, May 1996, 112 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMD1A-TM03-01 **

This report summarizes streamflow and water quality conditions in the Rouge River Watershed. The foundation of this report is based on data collected from the years 1993 and 1994 by the Wayne County Rouge Program Office (RPO) and on historical data collected by others. Rainfall, streamflow, dry and wet weather ambient instream water quality, biological and sediment data are analyzed. Data collected during both dry and wet weather includes data for constituent categories such as oxygen demand, nutrients, solids and bacteria. Biological studies included aquatic toxicity tests, fish surveys, macroinvertebrate surveys, habitat assessments, and phytoplankton studies. The sediment data included parameters that were used as indicators for the potential of sediment toxicity, realizing that the actual toxicity of the sediments is dependent upon factors other that individual contaminant concentrations. Results of all data surveys indicate that all of the Rouge River branches are degraded to some extent. Of the four branches, the Upper Rouge and the Middle Rouge appear to have the highest overall quality. In all branches, the upstream reaches have a higher quality than the downstream reaches.

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1993-1994 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan

Field Sampling Plan, April 1994, 50 pages, Order Number: SAM-FSP01.07 ***

The FSP provides a detailed description of the sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project baseline monitoring program. It details the wet weather sampling program which monitored the baseline water quality of a CSO impacted urban river system. Methods, sites, duration, magnitude and sample handling of the sampling effort from Fall 1993 to Fall 1994 are described. SOPs presented in this document ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that is useable and technically defensible. The document is used for both staff training and reference. Appendices contain over 200 pages. Charts, forms and diagrams are included.

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1993-1994 Sampling Program Overview

Carol Hufangel

Technical Memorandum, May 1996, 58 pages, Order Number: RPO-SAM-TM43 **

This document summarizes monitoring and sampling activities durning 1993 and 1994 which were performed as a part of the Rouge Project. A basic overview of the sampling programs is described in the memorandum, along with a description of the purpose of each project.

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1995 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River

Christine H. Catalfio

Technical Memorandum, December 1996, 177 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMOG-TM12 **

This memorandum summarizes the results of the streamflow and water quality conditions throughout the Rouge River Watershed in 1995. Data collected for this memorandum was obtained through the efforts of the RPO and from historical data presented by other agencies and organizations.

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1995 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan

Hufnagel, Carol

Field Sampling Plan, March 1996, 60 pages, Order Number: WMOG2B-FSP03.00 **

The FSP provides a detailed description of the sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 1995 baseline monitoring program. It details the wet weather sampling program which monitored the baseline water quality of a combined sewer overflow impacted urban river system.

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1995 Sediment Oxygen Demand Studies

Joseph Rathbun, Gary Mercer, and Sarina Aryan

Technical Memorandum, July 1996, 41 pages, Order Number: MOD-TM08.00 **

In situ sediment oxygen demand (SOD) measurements were made at 14 stations on all four branches of the Rouge River between June and September 1995. Sediments at most of the stations were sandy, and exhibited low SOD (<1.5 g O2/m2/day). Silty sediments were usually restricted to small local deposits, except in the Middle Branch impoundments and some areas of the lower Main Branch.

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1995 Streambank Erosion Reconnaissance Survey

Joseph Rathbun, Gary Mercer, and Thomas Johnson

Technical Memorandum, August 1996, 36 pages, Order Number: WM-TM09.00 **

A reconnaissance survey of the magnitude and extent of streambank erosion on the four major branches of the Rouge River and selected tributaries was conducted in December 1995. A procedure is described for a more quantitative evaluation of the contribution of streambank erosion to the total suspened solids load of the river.

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1996 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River

Christine H. Catalfio, Edward Kluitenberg, and Louis Regenmorter

Technical Memorandum, December 1997, 215 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TM26 **

This report summarizes the results of the streamflow and water quality conditions throughout the Rouge River Watershed in 1996. Data collected for this report was obtained through the efforts of the Wayne County RPO and from historical data presented by other agencies and organizations. Rainfall, streamflow, dry and wet weather ambient instream water quality and special bacteriological and dissolved oxygen data are included. Data collected during both dry and wet weather includes data for constituent categories such as oxygen demand, nutrients, solids and bacteria. Results of all data surveys indicated that all of the Rouge River branches are degraded to some extent.

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1996 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan

Carol L. Hufnagel

Field Sampling Plan, October 1996, 55 pages, Order Number: WMOG2B-FSP17.00 **

The field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 1996 baseline monitoring program. Monitoring efforts to support targeted subwatersheds are included in the 1996 sampling program. It details the wet weather sampling program which will monitor sampling in the Main 1 Watershed prior to implementation of CSO control projects in this area.

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1996 Sediment Oxygen Demand Studies

Joseph E. Rathbun, Sarina G. Aryan & Gary W. Mercer

Technical Memorandum, February 1997, 12 pages, Order Number: MOD-TM16.00 **

This report summarizes in situ sediment oxygen demand (SOD) measurements made at eight stations on the Main Branch of the Rouge River between August and October 1996.

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1997 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed

Christine H. Catalfio, Kristen L. Chaffin, Edward H. Kluitenberg, and Louis C. Regenmorter

Technical Memorandum, September 1998, 172 pages, Order Number: WMGT-TM30.00 **

This report summarizes the results of the streamflow and water quality conditions throughout the Rouge River Watershed in 1997. Data collected for this report was obtained through the efforts of the Wayne County Rouge Program Office (RPO) and from historical data presented by other agencies and organizations. Rainfall, streamflow dry and wet weather ambient instream water quality and wet weather includes data for constituent categories such as oxygen demand, nutrients, solids and bacteria. Results of all data surveys indicate that all of the Rouge River branches are degraded to some extent. Of the four branches, the Upper Rouge and the Middle Rouge River Watershed have better water quality than the downstream reaches. Data were also compared to monitoring results from 1994 through 1996 to define if water quality has changed at individual sites over the last four years. This comparison has shown a variety of changes with pollutant levels and water quality improving and decreasing.

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1997 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan

Carol L. Hufnagel

Field Sampling Plan, August 1997, 72 pages, Order Number: WMOG2B-FSP18.00 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 1997 Basline Monitoring Program. The 1997 sampling program has two major goals: maintaining the historical database; and monitoring the Combined Sewer Overflows (CSO) basins that were recently put on line or that will be going on-line later this year, and to assess their impact(s). It details the wet weather sampling program which will support the seven CSO basins that will be on-line in 1997 in Oakland County (Main 1), Inkster (Lower 2), Dearborn Heights (Middle 3), Redford (Upper 1) and Puritan-Fenkell (Main 3). Sampling programs will include efforts to monitor the instream impacts of these basins. Methods, sites, duration, magnitude and sampling handling of the monitoring effort for the 1997 season (April-October) are described.

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1998 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed

Chris Catalfio, Joseph Rathbun, Edward Kluitenberg, and Sarina Aryan

Technical Memorandum, October 1999, 267 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TM34 **

This report summarizes the baseline environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 1998. The 1998 program was a continuation of the 1997 program which focused on the collection of water quality data at selected monitoring sites to support the Phase 1 Combined Sewer Overflow basin performance monitoring and reporting. The program in 1998 involved continuous monitoring of water quality, flow, level, rainfall, and the collection of water quality samples at selected locations in the Rouge River and within the watershed. A network of 21 instream sites was used to monitor levels of flow, dissolved oxygen, and water chemistry during wet weather events. These sites were located both upstream and downstream of selected Phase 1 basins. The site located downstream of the basins included continuous monitoring for flow and dissolved oxygen levels. The instream water quality monitoring for CSO basin evaluation has been designed to contribute to the historical data set for the Rouge River Watershed.

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1998 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan

Carol L. Hufnagel

Field Sampling Plan, July 1998, 63 pages, Order Number: WMGT-FSP19.00 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 1998 Baseline Monitoring Program. Methods, sites, duration, magnitude and sample handling of the monitoring effort for the 1998 season (April-October) are described. Standard operating procedures (SOPs) ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that are useable and technically defensible. The document is used for both staff training and reference.

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1999 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed

Christine Catalfio, V. Elliott Smith & Christine Rohrer

Technical Memorandum, August 2004, 129 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TM35.00 **

This report summarizes the baseline environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 1999. The 1999 program was in part a continuation of the 1998 program, which focused on the collection of data at selected monitoring sites to continue documenting water quality status and trends, and to support the Phase 1 Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) basin performance monitoring and reporting. However, wet weather data were collected at only one CSO site, as well as other selected river stations. The program in 1999 involved continuous monitoring of water quality, river flow and level at 15 stations, rainfall monitoring at 18 stations, and the collection of dry weather grab samples at up to 67 river stations throughout the watershed. Sections of the 1999 Baseline Data Summary contain the following: (1) Introduction; (2) Hydrologic Data; (3) Water Quality Data; (4) Bacteriological Surveys; (5) Special Studies; (6) Summary and Conclusions; (7) References. Six appendices provide further information.

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1999 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan

Carol L. Hufnagel

Field Sampling Plan, August 1999, 73 pages, Order Number: WMGT-FSP20.00 ***

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 1999 Baseline Monitoring Program. The 1999 sampling program has two major goals: (1) maintaining the historical database, to track trends in the River; track progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and provide data to assist in implementing other Rouge restoration efforts (i.e., "hot spots" for illicit discharge elimination) (2) monitoring the Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) control basins that were recently put online or that will be going online later this year, and to assess their impact(s).

This FSP details the wet weather sampling program which will support the ten CSO basins that will be online in 1999 in Oakland County (Main 1), Inkster (Lower 2), Dearborn Heights (Middle 3), Redford (Upper 1), Detroit (Main 2 and 3) and River Rouge (Main 4). Sampling programs will include efforts to monitor the instream impacts of these basins.

Methods, sites, duration, magnitude and sample handling of the monitoring effort for the 1999 season (May-October) are described. Standard operating procedures (SOPs) ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that are useable and technically defensible. This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) is used for both staff training and reference.

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2000 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed

Elliott Smith, Ed Kluitenberg, Colleen Hughes, and Chris Catalfio

Technical Memorandum, June 2004, 201 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TM45 **

This report summarizes the baseline environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 2000. The 2000 program was in part a continuation of the 1999 and earlier programs, which focused on the collection of data at selected monitoring sites, in order to continue documenting water quality status and trends and to support the Phase 1 Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) basin performance monitoring and reporting. The field program in 2000 involved continuous monitoring of water quality, river level and flow at 5 stations, precipitation monitoring at 22 stations, and the collection of dry weather grab samples at 45 river stations throughout the watershed. Although no specific wet weather sampling was conducted in 2000, partial results of a 1999 Middle Rouge wet weather special study are reported based on phosphorus monitoring at nine stations. A second special study involved water quality sampling at 13 stations in Newburgh Lake, Middle Rouge.

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2000 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan

Carol Hufnagel

Field Sampling Plan, December 2000, 57 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP21.00 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 2000 Baseline Monitoring Program. The goals of the 2000 sampling program include: maintaining the historical database, tracking trends in the River; tracking progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and providing data to assist in implementing other Rouge restoration efforts (i.e., ?hot spots? for illicit discharge elimination). Methods, sites, duration, magnitude and sample handling of the monitoring effort for the 2000 season (May-October) are described. Standard operating procedures (SOPs) ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that are useable and technically defensible. This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) is used for both staff training and reference.

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2001 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed

Chris Catalfio, Colleen Hughes, Ed Kluitenberg, and Elliott Smith

Technical Memorandum, June 2004, 214 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TM47 **

This report summarizes the baseline environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 2001. The 2001 program was in part a continuation of earlier programs, which focused on the collection of data at selected monitoring sites, in order to continue documenting water quality status and trends and to support the Phase 1 Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) basin performance monitoring and reporting. In addition, the continued monitoring at selected sites in each Storm Water Management Area (SWMA) should help evaluate possible changes in water quality due to other stormwater management practices in each SWMA. The field sampling and monitoring program in 2001 involved continuous monitoring of water quality at seven stations, river level and flow monitoring at 12 stations, precipitation monitoring at 22 stations, and the collection of dry weather grab samples at 41 river stations throughout the watershed. As part of a special survey, during four of the biweekly dry weather surveys, additional grab samples were collected at 15 additional locations in the Middle 1 and Lower 1 Rouge SWMAs. Another special study involved ammonia sampling at 3 locations in the lower Main Rouge River concrete channel. No wet weather sampling was conducted in 2001.

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2001 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan

V. Elliott Smith

Field Sampling Plan, May 2001, 57 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP22.00 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 2001 Baseline Monitoring Program. The goals of the 2001 sampling program include: maintaining the historical database, tracking trends in the River; tracking progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and providing data to assist in implementing other Rouge restoration efforts (i.e., ?hot spots? for illicit discharge elimination). Methods, sites, duration, magnitude and sample handling of the monitoring effort for the 2001 season (May-October) are described. Standard operating procedures (SOPs) ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that are useable andtechnically defensible. This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) is used for both staff training and reference.

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2002 Baseline Data Summary for the Rouge River Watershed

Chris Catalfio, Colleen Hughes, and Joe Rathbun

Technical Report, December 2004, 250 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR59 **

This report summarizes the baseline environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 2002 by the Rouge River National Demonstration Project (Rouge Project).  The 2002 program was in part a continuation of earlier programs, which focused on the collection of data at selected monitoring sites, in order to continue documenting water quality status and trends.  The 2002 program also supported the Phase 1 Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) basin performance monitoring and reporting.  In addition, the continued monitoring at selected sites in each Storm Water Management Area (SWMA) should help evaluate possible changes in water quality due to stormwater management practices in each SWMA.  The monitoring program in 2002 involved continuous monitoring of water quality (dissolved oxygen and temperature) at eight stations, river level and flow monitoring at 13 stations, and precipitation monitoring at 21 stations.  During 2002, no dry or wet weather intermittent sampling was performed in the Rouge River Watershed.  Intermittent sampling is planned to resume in 2003 and a plan has been developed to rotate intermittent sampling activities through the seven SWMAs over a five-year period. Additionally in 2002, staff from the Rouge Project and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ)/Water Division collaborated on several "special studies" during the 2002 season.  These studies were performed to determine the impact of watershed development and urbanization on the stream and stream channel.

Sections of the 2002 Baseline Data Summary contain the following:  (1) Introduction; (2) Hydrologic Data; (3) Water Quality Data (including an analysis of trends); (4) Special Studies Data; (5) Summary and Conclusions; and (6) References.  Five appendices provide additional supporting information.   A Rouge Project Data CD can also be ordered from the project web site that includes the data summarized in this report as well as a stand-alone data viewer application, DataView.

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2002 Baseline Water Quality Sampling Field Sampling Plan

Elliott Smith, Ed Kluitenberg, and Colleen Hughes

Field Sampling Plan, June 2002, 38 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP24 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 2002 Baseline Monitoring Program. The goals of the 2002 sampling program include: maintaining the historical database; tracking trends in the River; tracking progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and providing data to assist in implementing other Rouge restoration efforts (i.e., “hot spots” for illicit discharge elimination). Methods, sites, duration, magnitude of the monitoring effort for the 2002 season (May-October) are described. Standard operating procedures (SOPs) ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that are useable and technically defensible. This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) is used for both staff training and field reference.

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2003 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan

Chris Catalfio

Field Sampling Plan, April 2003, 47 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP25 *

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 2003 Baseline Monitoring Program. The goals of the 2003 sampling program include: implementing monitoring required in individual community storm water permits, maintaining the historical database, tracking trends in the River; tracking progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and providing data to assist in implementing other Rouge restoration efforts (i.e., "hot spots" for illicit discharge elimination).

Monitoring and sampling scope, methods, sites, duration, and sample handling for the 2003 season (May-October) are described. Standard operating procedures (SOPs) ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that are useable and technically defensible. This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) is used for both staff training and reference.

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2003 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Chris Catalfio, Colleen Hughes, Joe Rathbun, and Steve Rood

Technical Report, January 2005, 36 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR61 **

The Baseline Data Summary Report as presented in previous years has been changed to reflect the organization of the Rouge River Watershed into seven Storm Water Management Areas (SWMAs). Each SWMA represents one or two subwatersheds; Main 1-2, Main 3-4, Upper, Middle 1, Middle 3, Lower 1, and Lower 2. Data are presented in this report that summarize physical, chemical, and biological monitoring that has been performed in the Rouge River Watershed. To reflect the inclusion of these additional data and the presentation of data by SWMA the document has been renamed to, The Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report (RREMAR). These additional data now found within in this report include the Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI-Fish community), Stream Habitat (GLEAS 51), Macro invertebrate, and Frog and Toad Survey data.

The Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report summarizes the environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 2003 by the Rouge River Wet Weather National Demonstration Project (Rouge Project) and other agencies. The 2003 program was in part a continuation of earlier programs, which focused on the characterizing water quality status and trends. The monitoring program in 2003 involved continuous monitoring of water quality (dissolved oxygen and temperature) at eight stations, river level and flow monitoring at 13 stations, and precipitation monitoring at 21 stations. These activities are a part of a Five-Year Monitoring Plan that was started in 2003 and includes a rotational schedule of intermittent water quality sampling through the seven SWMAs over a five-year period. Dry weather intermittent sampling began in the Main 1-2 SWMA in the fall of 2003 with completion in 2004. Additionally in 2003, staff from the Rouge Project and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ)/Water Division collaborated on several "special studies". These studies were performed to determine the impact of watershed development and urbanization on the stream and stream channel and are summarized in this report.

Sections of the 2003 report summarize the Rouge River Watershed monitoring and survey data by SWMA. The report summary, conclusions, and references are also included. Electronic copies of this report are available from the project web site at www.rougeriver.com. A Rouge Project Data CD can also be ordered from the project web site that includes the data summarized in this report as well as a stand-alone data viewer application, DataView.

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2004 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan

Chris Catalfio

Field Sampling Plan, April 2004, 48 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP26 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 2004 Baseline Monitoring Program.  The goals of the 2004 sampling program include:  implementing monitoring required in individual community storm water permits, maintaining the historical database, tracking trends in the River; tracking progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and providing data to assist in implementing other Rouge Watershed restoration efforts (i.e., "hot spots" for illicit discharge elimination).

Monitoring and sampling scope, methods, sites, duration, and sample handling for the 2004 season (May-October) are described.  Standard operating procedures (SOPs) ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that are useable and technically defensible.  This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) is used for both staff training and reference.

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2004 Five Year Plan Dry Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure

Rouge Project Office

Field Sampling Plan, March 2004, 46 pages, Order Number: RPO-FLD-602A-2004 *

This document covers the field procedures that will be performed during the 15 dry weather surveys planned per year in the 2003 through 2007 sampling seasons. It is updated yearly to include the final selection of sampling locations in the SWMA(s) sampled in a particular year and any other applicable changes in the monitoring program.

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2004 Five Year Plan Wet Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure

Rouge Project Office

Field Sampling Plan, April 2004, 50 pages, Order Number: RPO-FLD-603A-2004 *

This document covers the field procedures that will be performed during the five planned wet weather surveys per year in the 2004 through 2007 May through October sampling seasons. It is updated yearly to include the final selection of sampling locations in the SWMA(s) sampled in a particular year and any other applicable changes in the monitoring program.

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2004 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Chris Catalfio, Colleen Hughes and Steve Rood

Technical Report, December 2005, 302 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR63 **

The Rouge River Watershed is organized into seven Storm Water Management Areas (SWMAs). Each SWMA represents one or two subwatersheds: Main1-2, Main 3-4, Upper, Middle 1, Middle 3, Lower 1, and Lower 2. Data are presented in this report that summarize physical, chemical, and biological monitoring that has been performed in the Rouge River Watershed. Funding for the hydrologic and water quality data collected during the 2004 Rouge monitoring program was provided by the Assembly of Rouge Communities and the federal grants for the Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project (Rouge Project). This report also considers sampling/monitoring data for the Rouge River collected and reported by others for fish community, stream habitat, benthic macroinvertebrates, frog and toad populations, and other indicators of ecosystem health.

The Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report summarizes the environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 2004 by the Rouge Project and other agencies. The 2004 program was in part a continuation of earlier programs, which focused on the characterizing water quality status and trends. The monitoring program in 2004 involved continuous monitoring of dissolved oxygen and temperature at eight stations, river level and flow monitoring at 13 stations, and precipitation monitoring at 21 stations. These activities are a part of a Five-Year Monitoring Plan that was started in 2003 and includes a rotational schedule of intermittent water quality sampling through the seven SWMAs over a five-year period. Dry weather intermittent sampling was performed in the Main 1-2 and Upper SWMAs in 2004.

Rouge River Watershed monitoring and survey data are summarized in this report by SWMA.

The report summary, conclusions, and references are also included. Electronic copies of this report are available from the project web site at www.rougeriver.com. Additionally, the data presented in this 2004 report, along with Rouge Project data collected since 1994, are available for query and download via the Rouge Project web site at http://www.rougeriver.com/database.

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2005 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan

Chris Catalfio

Field Sampling Plan, April 2005, 50 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP27 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts of the Rouge Project 2005 Baseline Monitoring Program. The goals of the 2005 sampling program include: implementing monitoring required in individual community storm water permits, maintaining the historical database, tracking trends in the River; tracking progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and providing data to assist in implementing other Rouge Watershed restoration efforts (i.e., “hot spots” for illicit discharge elimination).

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2005 Five Year Plan Dry Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure

Rouge Project Office

Field Sampling Plan, March 2005, 46 pages, Order Number: RPO-FLD-602A-2005 *

This document covers the field procedures that will be performed during the 15 dry weather surveys planned per year in the 2003 through 2007 sampling seasons. It is updated yearly to include the final selection of sampling locations in the SWMA(s) sampled in a particular year and any other applicable changes in the monitoring program.

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2005 Five Year Plan Wet Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure

Rouge Project Office

Field Sampling Plan, March 2005, 50 pages, Order Number: RPO-FLD-603A-2005 *

This document covers the field procedures that will be performed during the five planned wet weather surveys per year in the 2004 through 2007 May through October sampling seasons. It is updated yearly to include the final selection of sampling locations in the SWMA(s) sampled in a particular year and any other applicable changes in the monitoring program.

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2005 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Chris Catalfio, Colleen Hughes and Steve Rood

Technical Report, June 2007, 359 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR65 **

The Rouge River Watershed is organized into seven Storm Water Management Areas (SWMAs). Each SWMA represents one or two subwatersheds: Main1-2, Main 3-4, Upper, Middle 1, Middle 3, Lower 1, and Lower 2. Data are presented in this report that summarize physical, chemical, and biological monitoring that has been performed in the Rouge River Watershed. Funding for the hydrologic and water quality data collected during the 2005 monitoring program was provided by the Alliance of Rouge Communities and the federal grants for the Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project (Rouge Project). This report also includes sampling and monitoring data for the Rouge River collected and reported by others for bacteria, fish community, stream habitat, benthic macroinvertebrates, frog and toad populations, and other indicators of ecosystem health. The Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report summarizes the environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 2005 by the Rouge Project and other agencies. The 2005 program was in part a continuation of earlier programs, which focused on characterizing water quality status and trends. The monitoring program in 2005 involved continuous monitoring of dissolved oxygen and temperature at eight stations, river level and flow monitoring at 13 stations, and precipitation monitoring at 16 stations. These activities are a part of a "Five-Year Monitoring Plan" that was started in 2003 and includes a rotational schedule of intermittent water quality sampling through the seven SWMAs over a five-year period. Dry and wet weather intermittent sampling was performed in the Main 1-2 and Upper SWMAs in 2004 and in the Middle 1 and Middle 3 SWMAs in 2005. Rouge River Watershed monitoring and survey data are summarized in this report by SWMA. The report summary, conclusions, and references are also included. Electronic copies of this report are available from the project web site at http://www.rougeriver.com. Additionally, the data presented in this 2005 report, along with Rouge Project data collected since 1994, are available for query and download via the Rouge Project web site at http://www.rougeriver.com/database.

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2006 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan

Chris Catalfio

Field Sampling Plan, April 2006, 49 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP28 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts for the 2006 Baseline Monitoring Program being conducted on behalf of the Rouge Project and the Alliance of Rouge Communities. The goals of the 2006 sampling program include: implementing monitoring required in individual community storm water permits, maintaining the historical database, tracking trends in the River; tracking progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and providing data to assist in implementing other Rouge Watershed restoration efforts (i.e., “hot spots” for illicit discharge elimination).

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2006 Five Year Plan Dry Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure

Rouge Project Office

Field Sampling Plan, April 2006, 42 pages, Order Number: RPO-FLD-602A-2006 *

This document covers the field procedures that will be performed during the 15 dry weather surveys planned per year in the 2003 through 2007 sampling seasons. It is updated yearly to include the final selection of sampling locations in the SWMA(s) sampled in a particular year and any other applicable changes in the monitoring program.

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2006 Five Year Plan Wet Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure

Rouge Project Office

Field Sampling Plan, April 2006, 44 pages, Order Number: RPO-FLD-603A-2006 *

This document covers the field procedures that will be performed during the five planned wet weather surveys per year in the 2004 through 2007 May through October sampling seasons. It is updated yearly to include the final selection of sampling locations in the SWMA(s) sampled in a particular year and any other applicable changes in the monitoring program.

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2006 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Chris Catalfio, Colleen Hughes, Jennifer Sackrison and Nancy Gregor

Technical Report, March 2008, 423 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR67 **

The Rouge River Watershed is organized into seven Storm Water Management Areas (SWMAs). Each SWMA represents one or two subwatersheds: Main1-2, Main 3-4, Upper, Middle 1, Middle 3, Lower 1, and Lower 2. Data are presented in this report that summarize physical, chemical, and biological monitoring that has been performed in the Rouge River Watershed. Funding for the hydrologic and water quality data collected during the 2006 monitoring program was provided by the Alliance of Rouge Communities and the federal grants for the Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project (Rouge Project). This report also includes sampling and monitoring data for the Rouge River collected and reported by others for bacteria, fish community, stream habitat, benthic macroinvertebrates, frog and toad populations, and other indicators of ecosystem health. The Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report summarizes the environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 2006 by the Rouge Project and other agencies. The 2006 program was in part a continuation of earlier programs, which focused on characterizing water quality status and trends. The monitoring program in 2006 involved continuous monitoring of dissolved oxygen and temperature at two stations, river level and flow monitoring at nine stations, and precipitation monitoring at 20 stations. These activities are a part of a "Five-Year Monitoring Plan" that was started in 2003 and includes a rotational schedule of intermittent water quality sampling through the seven SWMAs over a five-year period. Dry and wet weather intermittent sampling was performed in the Main 1-2 and Upper SWMAs in 2004, in the Middle 1 and Middle 3 SWMAs in 2005, and in the Lower 1 and Lower 2 SWMA in 2006. Rouge River Watershed monitoring and survey data are summarized in this report by SWMA. The report summary, conclusions, and references are also included. Electronic copies of this report are available from the project web site at http://www.rougeriver.com. Additionally, the data presented in this 2006 report, along with Rouge Project data collected since 1994, are available for query and download via the Rouge Project web site at http://www.rougeriver.com/database.

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2007 Baseline Water Quality Field Sampling Plan

Chris Catalfio

Field Sampling Plan, March 2007, 48 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP29 *

This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) provides a detailed description of the ongoing sampling and monitoring efforts for the 2007 Baseline Monitoring Program being conducted on behalf of the Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project and the Alliance of Rouge Communities. The goals of the 2007 sampling program include: implementing monitoring required in individual community storm water permits; maintaining the historical database and tracking trends in the Rouge River; tracking progress on Rouge restoration efforts; and providing data to assist in implementing other Rouge Watershed restoration efforts (i.e., “hot spots” for illicit discharge elimination).

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2007 Five Year Plan Dry Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure

Rouge Project Staff

Field Sampling Plan, March 2007, 25 pages, Order Number: RPO-FLD-602A 2007 *

This document covers the field procedures that will be performed during the 15 dry weather surveys planned per year in the 2003 through 2007 sampling seasons. It is updated yearly to include the final selection of sampling locations in the SWMA(s) sampled in a particular year and any other applicable changes in the monitoring program.

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2007 Five Year Plan Wet Weather Survey Standard Operating Procedure

Rouge Project Staff

Field Sampling Plan, March 2007, 46 pages, Order Number: RPO-FLD-603A 2007 *

This document covers the field procedures that will be performed during the five planned wet weather surveys per year in the 2004 through 2007 May through October sampling seasons. It is updated yearly to include the final selection of sampling locations in the SWMA(s) sampled in a particular year and any other applicable changes in the monitoring program.

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2007 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Chris Catalfio, Colleen Hughes, Jennifer Sackrison and Nancy Gregor

Technical Report, March 2009, 465 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR68 **

The Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Reportsummarizes the environmental conditions in the Rouge River Watershed observed in 2007 by the Rouge Project and other agencies. The monitoring program in 2007 involved continuous monitoring of dissolved oxygen and temperature at two stations, river level and flow monitoring at eight stations, and precipitation monitoring at 21 stations. These activities are a part of a "Five-Year Monitoring Plan" that was started in 2003 and includes a rotational schedule of intermittent water quality sampling through the seven SWMAs over a five-year period. Dry and wet weather intermittent sampling was performed in the Main 1-2 and Upper SWMAs in 2004, in the Middle 1 and Middle 3 SWMAs in 2005, in the Lower 1 and Lower 2 SWMA in 2006, and in the Main 3-4 SWMA in 2007. The report also presents results of an intensive study undertaken in 2006 to determine the sources of E coli bacteria, an indicator of the presence of sewage, throughout the watershed. Rouge River Watershed monitoring and survey data are summarized in this report for all seven SWMAs.  Additionally, the data presented in this 2007 report, along with Rouge Project data collected since 1994, are available for query and download via the Rouge Project web site at http://www.rougeriver.com/database.

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2008 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Christine H. Catalfio

Technical Report, June 2009, 23 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR71 **

The 2008 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report is a summary of the continuous monitoring level and flow, precipitation, and dissolved oxygen (DO) and water temperature data collected during the year. Although the ARC was not monitoring in 2008, continuous monitoring of level and flow was performed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) at seven locations throughout the watershed in cooperation with Oakland County and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ). Additionally, Wayne County Department of Environment (WCDOE) supported monitoring of continuous level and flow at three additional locations. An on-line database is available which allows users to query sampling data collected since 1994 by site, date, and parameter. It allows for online data viewing or download and includes on-line help. The Rouge River Watershed sampling database is available at www.rougeriver.com/database.

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2009 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Christine H. Catalfio

Technical Report,, September 2010, 26 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR72 **

The 2009 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report is a discussion of the monitoring data collected during the year. Precipitation data (15-minute totals) were collected in 2009 at 20 rain gage locations throughout the watershed. Six of the rain gages were operated by the Wayne County Department of the Environment (WCDOE), 11 rain gages were operated by the Oakland County Drain Commissioner’s (OCDC) Office, and the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department (DWSD) operated three rain gages. Continuous monitoring of level and flow was performed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) at seven locations throughout the watershed in cooperation with Oakland County and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ). An on-line database is available which allows users to query sampling data collected since 1994 by site, date, and parameter. It allows for online data viewing or download and includes on-line help. The Rouge River Watershed sampling database is available at www.rougeriver.com/database.

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2010 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Christine H. Catalfio

Technical Report, November 2011, 27 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR74 **

The 2010 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report is a discussion of the monitoring data collected during the year. Precipitation data (15-minute totals) were collected in 2010 at 21 rain gage locations throughout the watershed. Seven of the rain gages were operated by the Wayne County Department of the Environment (WCDOE), 11 rain gages were operated by the Oakland County Drain Commissioner’s (OCDC) Office, and the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department (DWSD) operated three rain gages. Additional precipitation data were also collected for the Detroit and Pontiac area by NOAA’s National Weather Service Forecast Office. Continuous monitoring of level and flow was performed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) at seven locations throughout the watershed in cooperation with Oakland County and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ). Continuous monitoring of dissolved oxygen (DO) and temperature was performed by the USGS at one location in the Upper Branch of the Rouge River. An on-line database is available which allows users to query sampling data collected since 1994 by site, date, and parameter. It allows for online data viewing or download and includes on-line help. The Rouge River Watershed sampling database is available at www.rougeriver.com/database.

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2011 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Christine H. Catalfio

Technical Report, September 2012, 35 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR75 **

The 2011 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report is a discussion of the monitoring data collected during the year. Precipitation data (15-minute totals) were collected in 2011 at 21 rain gage locations throughout the watershed. Seven of the rain gages were operated by the Wayne County Department of Public Services (WCDPS), 11 rain gages were operated by the Oakland County Water Resources Commissioner’s (OCWRC) Office, and the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department (DWSD) operated three rain gages. Continuous monitoring of level and flow was performed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) at eight locations  throughout the watershed in cooperation with Oakland County and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ). Continuous monitoring of dissolved oxygen (DO) and water temperature was performed by the USGS at one location in the Middle Branch of the Rouge River. An on-line database is available which allows users to query sampling data collected since 1994 by site, date, and parameter. It allows for online data viewing or download and includes on-line help. The Rouge River Watershed sampling database is available at www.rougeriver.com/database.

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2012 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report

Christine H. Catalfio

Technical Report, August 2013, 31 pages, 35 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR76 **

The 2011 Rouge River Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment Report is a discussion of the monitoring data collected during the year. Precipitation data (15-minute totals) were collected in 2011 at 21 rain gage locations throughout the watershed. Seven of the rain gages were operated by the Wayne County Department of Public Services (WCDPS), 11 rain gages were operated by the Oakland County Water Resources Commissioner’s (OCWRC) Office, and the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department (DWSD) operated three rain gages. Continuous monitoring of level and flow was performed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) at eight locations  throughout the watershed in cooperation with Oakland County and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ). Continuous monitoring of dissolved oxygen (DO) and water temperature was performed by the USGS at one location in the Middle Branch of the Rouge River. An on-line database is available which allows users to query sampling data collected since 1994 by site, date, and parameter. It allows for online data viewing or download and includes on-line help. The Rouge River Watershed sampling database is available at www.rougeriver.com/database.

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Abandoned Dump Site Leachate Sampling Field Sampling Plan

Jennifer Bokovoy

Field Sampling Plan, August 1994, 16 pages, Order Number: NPS-FSP09.00 ***

This FSP specifically addresses the quality assurance requirements of the abandoned dump site leachate sampling program. The program is part of the investigation of abandoned dump sites in the Rouge River Watershed and entails reconnaissance, sampling and analysis of leachate and storm water runoff, and estimation of pollutant discharges to the Rouge River from abandoned dump sites. Field sketches, maps and log sheets are included. Appendices contain 120 pages.

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Aesthetic Descriptors of Water Quality: Rouge River and Main Tributaries

Thomas M. Heidtke

Technical Memorandum, June 1996, 30 pages, Order Number: WM-TM06.00 **

Descriptive water quality information collected from March 1994-November 1994 within the Rouge River Watershed has been reviewed and analyzed using a simple index approach. In response to a need for quantifying and intergrating such descriptive information together with conventional water quality data collected under the Rouge River Water Quality Sampling Program, a numerical indicator of general aesthetic conditions has been proposed and tested on a preliminary basis.

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Aesthetic Quality Index For The Rouge River

Thomas M. Heidtke and Eric Tauriainen

Paper, October 1996, 12 pages, Order Number: WEF96-03.00 **

As part of the Rouge Project, information pertaining to the aesthetic state of the Rouge River has been collected along with more conventional data representing water and sediment chemistry, as well as biological and habitat conditions.

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Aquatic Habitat Field Sampling Plan

Ron French

Field Sampling Plan, February 1998, 47 pages, Order Number: WMOG7.1FSP16.00 **

This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) provided the framework for conducting the Aquatic Habitat Survey. The FSP identifies sampling/survey locations and the sampling/survey methodology that will be followed during implementation of the Aquatic Habitat Survey. The FSP also provides for coordination of sampling activities and analysis with other biological monitoring program efforts.

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Aquatic Habitat Survey

Nicole Adaniya & Joe Rathbun

Technical Report, February 1998, 100 pages, Order Number: WMGT-TR10.00 **

An investigation of fish habitat quality was performed in the Rouge River Watershed during the summer of 1996. Observations of instream and streambank conditions were made at 83 locations throughout the watershed, and were used to calculate habitat quality scores using the GLEAS Procedure #51 habitat assessment protocol, and to assess habitat suitability for 14 species of fish using Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) models.

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Assessment of Toxic Contaminants: 1996 Dry Weather Toxics Assessment Survey Results

Sarina G. Aryan, Joseph E. Rathbun, and Mark D. Mikesell

Technical Memorandum, July 1998, 48 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TM46 ***

Water and sediment samples were collected from ten locations throughout the Rouge River Watershed under dry weather conditions in the Fall of 1996, and analyzed for organic and metal contaminants, and toxicity.  In addition, sediment cores were collected from Phoenix Lake, Wilcox Lake, and Nankin Lake, and analyzed for metal and organic contaminants.  The majority of the chemicals measured were below their method detection limits.  Moderate contamination and toxicity was found to be widespread in the watershed, however; water and sediment from all ten river stations plus surficial sediment from all three impoundments contained concentrations of a few chemicals which exceeded established MDEQ, U.S. EPA, or NOAA criteria, or exhibited significant toxic effects, or both.  The most common contaminants observed in potentially toxic amounts were PCBs, individual PAHs, and zinc in water, and individual PAHs, lead, arsenic, and zinc in sediments.  On the whole, the sediment samples were more contaminated and more toxic than the water samples.  Contaminant distributions in sediment cores from the three impoundments suggested recent or on-going inputs of metals and PAHs.  Causal relationships between the chemical and toxicity test data sets were not always apparent, illustrating the necessity of performing testing both water and sediment for both chemistry and toxicity when conducting ecological health studies.

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Bathymetric Surveys Field Sampling Plan

Michael Tomlinson

Field Sampling Plan, April 1994, 20 pages, Order Number: NPS-FSP03.00 ***

A detailed plan is presented for conducting bathymetric surveys on four lakes within the Rouge River Watershed in order to define water depth. Phoenix, Wilcox, Newburgh and Nankin Lakes were surveyed for location. Survey methods are described. Position is measured using a global positioning system; depth is measured continuously using a fathometer operating at 200-kiloHertz frequency, and water level is determined by staff gauges. Samples of data logs are included.

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Bathymetric Surveys of the Middle Rouge Impoundments

Mike S. Tomlinson and Dennis B. Prevo

Technical Memorandum, April 1995, 31 pages, Order Number: NPS-TM41.00 ***

Bathymetric surveys were conducted during April 1994 by the RPO on four of the Middle Rouge River impoundments (Newburgh, Phoenix, Wilcox, and Nankin Lakes). Water depth was measured with a survey-grade fathometer or sounding rod equipped with a photoelectric sensor to detect the soft muck sediment-water interface. Sample location was measured using a differential global positioning system with an accuracy of +/- 12 feet. Position data were checked and imported into a contouring program (WINSURF) in order to contour the corrected depth data. The original fathometer strip charts were used to interpolate between grid points in areas of steep bottom or rapidly changing gradients to enhance the quality of the final bathymetric maps. The final contours and lake shorelines were transferred to AutoCAD in order to produce the final bathymetric maps for the study and to calculate the surface areas within each isobath. These surface areas were used to produce depth versus area (hypsographic) curves and depth versus volume curves. The four lakes result from the damming of the Rouge River in the early 1900s and there is little or no evidence of the Rouge River channel after 80+ years. All of the lakes were deeper at the end closest to the dam. Notable features in the lakes include islands and peninsulas, some are natural and others may be artificial. Maps, charts and a bathymetric data printout are included. Appendices include 62 pages.

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Branch Report: Lower Rouge River

Vyto Kaunelis, Noel Mullett, Carl Johnson, and Joseph O'Brien

Technical Memorandum, September 1997, 51 pages, Order Number: NPS-TM32.00 **

The Lower Rouge Branch Report summarizes the conditions of the Lower Rouge River and suggests actions that communities, citizens, local agencies and organizations can take to improve the recreational uses and natural value of the river. Additionally, the report offers adequate background information that will enable communities and invidividuals to develop plans for restoring the river. Three sources of information were used to gather data for this report: (1) a four-year monitoring program implemented by the RPO, (2) interviews with active individuals, agencies and volunteer groups within the subwatershed, and (3) MDEQ's Rouge Remedial Action Plan (RAP) and 1994 RAP Update. Extreme bacteria levels have almost depleted the river's natural resource and recreational use. The accumulation of litter, oxygen depletion and sedimentation have damaged its aesthetic value and severely impacted the river's ability to support a healthy aquatic and wildlife environment. Through Rouge Project efforts suggested actions have been given to restore the river. Those include: continued efforts to complete CSO programs currently underway and coordinate with other pertinent programs for water quality improvement; community participation in pilot projects to demonstrate storm water control BMPs; implementation of watershed management plans, in conjunction with the General Permit, to control storm water runoff; organization of a subwatershed-wide approach for creating and implementing a recreational plan for the parkland along the river; and creation of outreach programs to educate the public. Implementation of these actions will eliminate some impairments, reduce others and increase the overall quality of life for citizens in the Lower Rouge subwatershed.

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Communicating Rouge Project Findings: Use of Quality Indicators to Report on Rouge River Status and Trends

V. Elliott Smith

Task Product Memorandum, June 1997, 37 pages, Order Number: WMGT-TPM42.00 **

This memorandum describes and demonstrates an indicator approach developed by Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project (RPO) staff for conveying technical information on watershed quality to the public. The information consists of measurement data and observations of chemical, biological and physical indicators of river quality collected over two years (1994-95) in the Rouge River Watershed located in Wayne County, Michigan near Detroit.

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Development of a Monitoring Program to Support the Rouge River Watershed

Louis C. Regenmorter, Vyto P. Kaunelis, & Noel Mullett

Paper, May 1998, 8 pages, Order Number: WEFSPEC98-01 **

The watershed management approach being applied to the Rouge River in southeast Michigan under the Rouge Project includes an integrated monitoring program. The monitoring program will be applied during the implementation phase of the management plan. The development of the monitoring plan involves three sets of criteria: (1) capable of monitoring the health of the Rouge River Watershed; (2) responsive to community/watershed management needs; and (3) cost-effective to implement. This development process includes defining: (1) monitoring objectives; (2) indicators; (3) data needs: (4) individual sampling programs; and (5) estimated costs. The monitoring program will be based on water chemistry sampling results as well as the use of environmental indicators that focus on field conditions and performance indicators that document progress on implementation of selected controls and management activities. The field programs will be comprised of monitoring at numerous locations throughout the 467 square mile watershed, and documentation to show compliance with a new general permit for the watershed will be used to compiled information for the performance indicators.

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Ecological Targets for Rehabilitation of the Rouge River

Michael J. Wiley, Paul W. Seelbach, and Stephen P. Bowler

Supplemental Report, April 1998, 19 pages, Order Number: NPS-SR21.00 **

This report summarizes an analysis of potential Rouge River fish communities and the ecological characteristics (temperature and river flow regimes) required to maintain them. The analysis is based on measurements and modeling for the structure of fish communities in rivers throughout southern Michigan. In essence, a regional biological hydrological criteria for rivers ecologically similar to the Rouge was developed. The goal was to develop ecological targets that are realistic and achievable by recognizing the human presence in the Rouge watershed. The results are organized into three main sections. The first examines the geographical and ecological context of the Rouge River. The second presents the main results of this study: target fish communities for key river segments and associated thermal and hydrologic regime targets. The final presents an evaluation of the potential for biases in the target criteria due to the Rouge River's highly incised channel form.

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Ecological Targets for Rehabilitation of the Rouge River: Part I - Interim Report on Fish Communities and Summer Temperatures: Part II - Interim Report on Discharge Regimes

Michael J. Wiley and Paul W. Seelbach

Supplemental Report, September 1996, 55 pages, Order Number: PI-SR08.00 *

Heavy urbanization of the Rouge River Watershed has destroyed or degraded many of the natural functions of this river ecoystem. "Bringing this river back to life" will require restoration of clean oxygenated waters; natural flow regimes; diverse channel habitats; diverse, productive fish communities; and connectivity to the Great Lakes for migratory fishes (Beam and Braunscheidel 1996). As great investments of money and time, and great patience are applied to the Rouge River system, clearly-defined goals are needed--how might a rehabilitated Rouge River look and function? Part I of this three part report provides a vision of potential fish communities for specific reaches of the Rouge River as well as target temperature regimes. Part II of the report provides target flow regimes and Part III will provide target channel hydraulics adequate for sustaining the target fish communities.

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Environmental Monitoring Program to Support the Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project

Louis C. Regenmorter and Vyto P. Kaunelis

Paper, July 1998, 8 pages, Order Number: MonitConf98-02.00 **

The watershed-based approach being applied to the Rouge River in Southeast Michigan under the Rouge Project has included an extensive environmental monitoring program. Monitoring is considered a critical element to the Rouge Project because it is used to: 1) established baseline conditions; 2) support the development of watershed models; 3) identify problems and their sources; and 4) evaluate control programs. The environmental monitoring conducted by the RPO has involved the collection, management, and analysis of data on rainfall, stream flow, instream water quality, CSOs and storm water discharges, biological communities and habitats, sediments, toxics, aesthetics, and the performance of various control programs. Over 500 monitoring stations have been established throughout the 438 square mile watershed. The RPO has collaborated with the EPA, state, and local agencies in the development and execution of the monitoring program.

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Evaluation of Aesthetic Conditions Within the Rouge River: Results for the 1996 Monitoring Season

Thomas Heidtke

Technical Memorandum, July 1998, 21 pages, Order Number: WMGT-TM28.00 **

Descriptive water quality information pertaining to the aesthetic condition of the Rouge River has been collected since 1994 as part of the Rouge Project. In response to a need for quantifying and intergrating such qualitative information together with more conventional water quality data collected under the Project, a numerical index approach was proposed and initially tested using the 1994 database. The Rouge River Aesthetics Index (RRAI) reflects the status of four descriptive parameters: water clarity, water color, odor and visible debris. The RRAI to the 1994 database resulted in set of revisions/modifications to parameter descriptors and parameter weights used in calculating the index. These revisions were incorporated into the set of aesthetic information collected in subsequent years, including 1996. The current study provides a statistical analysis and summary of the available aesthetic information for 1996, and also provides a brief comparison of results for the 1994 and 1996 monitoring seasons.

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Frog and Toad Survey of the Middle 1 Subwatershed

Project Profile, October 1999, 2 pages, Order Number: M1-12 **

This project profile is a summary of the results of a grant funded effort performed with local community funding or in kind services. The summary focuses on the demonstration aspects of the project.

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Impoundment Limnological Studies Field Sampling Plan

Joseph Rathbun

Field Sampling Plan, May 1995, 24 pages, Order Number: MOD-FSP06.00 ***

The FSP provides a detailed description of the schedule (Fall 1994 through Summer 1995) and procedures of the impoundment limnological studies. Methods, sampling sites (Newburgh, Walled, Meadowbrook, and Phoenix Lakes), and data handling processes are described. SOPs are included. Samples for nutrients (nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, total phosphorous, and orthophosphorous), chlorophyll, plankton, total suspended solids are collected, and in situ water transparency, dissolved oxygen and temperature measurements are made once a month at each impoundment. This includes diurnal dissolved oxygen profiles taken at sunrise and after midday. Macrophyte biomass was measured once in the summer of 1995. This information is used as input data for the water quality models, and the field sampling plan is used both for staff training and for reference.

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Johnson Creek Reconnaissance Survey

Gary Crawford & Douglas Denison

Task Product Memorandum, April 1997, 22 pages, Order Number: WMGT-TPM44.00 **

This memorandum summarizes the assessment of the baseline condition of the mainstream of Johnson Creek. The foundation is based on data collected during an August 1996 field recognizance survey conducted by the Wayne County Rouge Program Office (RPO).

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Newburgh Lake Geotechnical Investigation

Phil Spalding, Fritz Klingler and Jerome Neyer

Technical Memorandum, October 1997, 118 pages, Order Number: NPS-TM13.00 **

This document presents the results of a geotechnical investigation performed in conjuction with the proposed Newburgh Lake Restoration Project in Livonia, Michigan. The purpose of the investigation was to evaluate the general subsurface conditions within the lake and provide geotechnical recommendations for design and implementation of the restoration project. Specifically, the areas of geotechnical concern included: draining of the lake, earthwork operations, temporary haul road analysis, material handling, and protection of existing infrasturcture in and around the lake.

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Newburgh Lake Sediment Core Sampling and Analysis

John M. O'Meara, V. Elliott Smith, Joseph E. Rathbun, Laura L. Huellmantel, and Dennis B. Prevo

Technical Report, September 1994, 33 pages, Order Number: NPS-TR04.00 ***

A sediment survey of Newburgh Lake in Wayne County, Michigan was completed during the period of November 8, 1993 through November 12, 1993. The sediment survey involved the collection, subsampling, and analysis of sediment from a total of 21 locations. A total of 101 samples were analyzed for metals using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using modified enzyme immunoassay test kits. The 21 stations were also sampled by vibrocoring. Coring stations were located utilizing global positioning system (GPS) technology. The most contaminated region of Newburgh Lake for PCBs, PAHs, and the metals quantified is the West-Northwest part of the lake. Contaminants are most concentrated in the upper 0-30 inches of sediment, which are mainly black oily silt. The average depth of this oily silt layer, where it was present, was 19 inches. PCBs, lead, nickel, and zinc were the contaminants present in Newburgh Lake sediments that most often exceeded their respective Effects Range-Median (ERM) values, suggesting the potential for toxic effects in aquatic organisms. The sand and/or gravel that usually composed the lower end of the cores contained very low concentrations of all of the contaminants quantified. Correlations between the field (screening) results and the laboratory results for metals and total PCBs were very strong (r²>0.80), and the relationships were linear. Most of the field data for the metals were highly biased compared to the laboratory data, while there were no apparent biases in the total PCB field data. There was a weaker correlation between the field and lab data for total PAHs. Field logs and data are included, along with a 140 page appendix.

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Nonpoint Source Storm Event Monitoring Program Field Sampling Plan

Louis C. Regenmorter

Field Sampling Plan, October 1994, 56 pages, Order Number: NPS-FSP11.00 ***

This FSP addresses the quality assurance requirements of the Nonpoint Source (NPS) storm event monitoring program for the Rouge Project. Flow monitoring and water quality sampling is conducted at subareas with single land use characteristics and at selected pilot Best Management Practices (BMPs) that are designed to control nonpoint pollution source loadings discharged into the Rouge River. The primary objectives of this program are to: 1) assess the relative magnitude of nonpoint pollution sources discharged to the Rouge River; 2) provide quantitative information regarding the pollutant removal efficiencies that are achieved by various types of BMPs under actual field conditions; and 3) collect sufficient monitoring data so that the results may be applied to assess NPS impacts and BMP controls on similar unmonitored areas and BMP types within the Rouge River Watershed. The FSP provides an overview of the Nonpoint Storm Event Monitoring Program, including water quality parameters to be analyzed; roles and responsibilities of the staff involved with the program; Data Quality Objectives and the overall quality assurance objectives; sampling locations and proposed sampling frequency; required sampling equipment; sampling methods; required field documentation; sample identification protocols; and sample handling and shipping procedures. Detailed step-by-step procedures that must be followed by members of the sampling team are presented in SOPs appended to the FSP. Appendices contain 180+ pages of diagrams, forms, charts.

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Rouge River Reconnaissance Survey

Louis C. Regenmorter

Technical Report, October 1994, 40 pages, Order Number: MOD-TR01.00 **

A reconnaissance survey was conducted along 90 miles of the Rouge River. Its purpose was to record the locations of sewer outfalls, characterize sediments, and provide a general description of the river's flow hydraulics, water quality, and environment. The findings of the survey conducted on the Main Rouge River, Lower Rouge, Middle Rouge, and Upper Rouge are presented in the report. A map that identifies the locations of many of the described features is also included. The report includes the locations and sources (combined, storm, sanitary, unknown) of the 630 outfalls found. The general makeup of the sediments (sand, silt, clay, cobblestones) are described, and identified on the field maps. Locations where the sediments contain high organic contents are specifically identified for future sampling activities. Additional characteristics that are reported include: flow rates, hydraulics, and stream geometry at selected locations; visual observations of water clarity, impacted water quality, and aesthetic appearance; and general descriptions of land use and the flora and fauna. A black and white 44" x 36" River Reconnaissance Survey map is included.

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Rouge River Watershed Sediment Reconnaissance Survey

V. Elliott Smith, Laura Lang Huellmantel, Joseph E. Rathbun, Colleen Hughes, Paul M. Zimmerman, and John Michalski

Technical Memorandum, July 1995, 21 pages, Order Number: MOD-TM38.00 ***

A reconnaissance survey was conducted throughout most of the Rouge River to characterize sediment quality from October 15 to November 11, 1993. Sediment grab samples were collected from 182 locations at approximately one kilometer (0.6 mile) intervals. Priority locations for sampling were instream deposits of soft, oily silt where contaminants were more likely to accumulate. All samples were analyzed for contaminants by quantitative screening methods: metals and other elements by x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF); total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by enzyme immunoassays. Total organic carbon (TOC) by ignition and all results were corrected to sediment dry weight. Elements quantified by XRF analysis were determined for antimony, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, selenium, silver, titanium and zinc. Results indicated that metals concentrations were usually low, although six metals (antimony, chromium, copper, lead, nickel and zinc) occurred at concentrations which exceeded the toxicity-based guidelines of Long and Morgan (1990). This indicates only potential metals toxicity, which is not yet confirmed. Generally, higher concentration metals were found in the downstream reaches of each branch, and especially in the Main Rouge. Total PCB concentrations in Rouge sediments were generally low. However, a concentration of 12 mg/kg was found upstream of Newburgh Lake on the Middle Rouge, where PCB levels exceeding 50 mg/kg have been found in an earlier survey. Elevated PCB levels also occurred near two groups of landfills along the Lower Rouge, and near groups of CSO and stormwater outfalls on the Main Rouge. Total PAH concentrations were also generally low but measurable in most samples at levels of 1 to 27 mg/kg. About half exceeded the low-toxicity guideline (4 mg/kg). The more elevated PAH levels occurred near certain outfall groups and landfill sites, especially along the Main and Lower Rouge Branches. Charts, maps. Appendices contain 124 pages.

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Rouge River Watershed Sediment Reconnaissance Survey QAPP

Joseph Rathbun

Supplemental Report, September 1993, 45 pages, Order Number: RPO-MOD-QAPP-03.03 **

This addendum to the Main Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) specifically addresses the quality assurance requirements of the Rouge River watershed sediment quality survey.

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Sampling Site Selection

Glenn Hummel

Technical Memorandum, May 1996, 60 pages, Order Number: SAM-TM16.00 **

This document provides information on the sampling site selection criteria and selection process used for the 1993-1995 baseline sampling program of the Rouge Project.

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Sediment Oxygen Demand Studies Field Sampling Plan

Joseph Rathbun

Field Sampling Plan, May 1995, 22 pages, Order Number: MOD-FSP07.00 ***

The FSP provides a detailed description of the schedule (Fall 1994 through Fall 1995) and procedures of the sediment oxygen demand (SOD) studies. Methods, sampling sites, and data handling processes are described, and SOPs are included. SOD is thought to be a major source of oxygen depletion in the river. It is measured using EPA-designed SOD chambers, which enclose a known volume of water and area of sediment, in which oxygen depletion is monitored over time. SOD coefficients are calculated from the data. This information is used as input data for the water quality models; the FSP is also used for staff training and reference.

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State of the Rouge Reports

Supplemental Report, Order Number: SAM-STATE_REPORTS *

The Rouge River Watershed is a hydraulic unit consisting of 48 communities and three counties. It has four main river courses and many tributaries, which eventually drain into the Detroit River and then to Lake Erie. These booklets were developed to provide the people who live, work, or recreate in the watershed with information about the habitat and water quality of the tributaries and branches of the Rouge River. As mentioned in the Rouge River Remedial Action Plan (RAP), one reason such information is important is that it determines how the river and watershed environment can be used for recreation and aesthetic enjoyment. The Middle 1 Subwatershed covers primarily the Cities of Northville and Novi, and the Townships of Northville, Salem, Plymouth and Novi. The Middle 3 Subwatershed is located in portions of the Cities of Dearborn Heights, Livonia, Garden City, and Westland, as well as a small portion of Redford. The Upper 2 Subwatershed is located in portions of the Cities of Livonia, Farmington Hills, Farmington, and Novi, as well as Redford and Northville Townships.

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Stream and Dam Reaeration Studies Field Sampling Plan

Joseph E. Rathbun

Field Sampling Plan, May 1995, 18 pages, Order Number: MOD-FSP05.00 ***

The FSP provides a detailed description of the schedule (Fall 1994 through Fall 1995) and procedures of the stream and dam reaeration studies. Methods, sampling sites, and data handling processes are described, and standard operating procedures (SOPs) are included. Stream reaeration is estimated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) propane injection/fluorometric dye study technique, and dam reaeration is determined by measuring the dissolved oxygen concentration above and below the dams on four impoundments. Data is used for the Rouge Project water transport and quality models.

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Stream Time of Travel Studies

Kurt T. Spieles and Edward H. Kluitenberg

Technical Report, April 2004, 31 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-TR55 **

This report provides a detailed description of four wet weather time-of-travel studies performed in the Rouge River.  The goals of this study were to determine time-of-travel during wet weather events for two selected reaches of the Rouge River.  One reach consisted of the Main Rouge River downstream of the Acacia Park CSO basin.  The other reach consisted of the Upper and Main Rouge River downstream of the Redford CSO basin.  The time-of-travel results were used to assess the validity of time-of-travel assumptions previously made in analyzing dissolved oxygen impacts from CSO basin overflow events.

Methods, data collection, results, and analysis of the time-of-travel study are described.  Dye tracer tests were performed on each test reach for two separate rain events.  The field effort was conducted according to the Stream Time-of-Travel Field Sampling Plan (RPO-WMGT-FSP23) that was created for this study.  Dye was injected at predetermined locations and dye concentration was measured at selected downstream monitoring sites on each test reach.  The results were used to determine the time-of-travel for each test reach during each rain event.  The results from this dye study confirmed the validity of time-of-travel assumptions made in analyzing DO impacts from Oakland County and Redford CSO basin overflow events.

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Stream Time-of-Travel Studies Field Sampling Plan

Kurt Spieles

Field Sampling Plan, August 2001, 38 pages, Order Number: RPO-WMGT-FSP23.00 **

This field sampling plan provides a detailed description of field sampling efforts for wet weather time-of-travel studies. The goals of the time-of-travel studies include: determining time-of-travel during wet weather events for two selected reaches of the Rouge River; and assessing the validity of time-of-travel in the Main Rouge River DO Model during CSO basin overflow events. Methods, sites, duration, magnitude and sample handling of the monitoring effort for the proposed time-of-travel studies are described. Standard operating procedures (SOPs) ensure that the sampling is of acceptable quality and will yield information and data that are useable and technically defensible. This Field Sampling Plan (FSP) is used for both staff training and reference.

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Summary of Bell Branch/Tarabusi Creek Outfall Inventory

Timothy Ferguson and Ashraf Ibrahim

Technical Memorandum, November 1997, 24 pages, Order Number: NPS-TM22.00 **

Utilizing Global Positioning System (GPS) techniques, a pilot outfall inventory was performed from August 1996 through December 1996 on the Bell Branch and Tarabusi Creek tributaries to the Upper Branch of the Rouge River. These tributaries are included in the Upper 2 Subwatershed. The techniques and methods utilized were evaluated to develop a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for future outfall information for future use in the preparation of stormwater discharge permits, and industrial discharges, as well as conducting river model calculations. These models will assist in correcting erosion, pollution and flooding problems. The information collected durning the inventory was added to Geographic Information System (GIS) database developed by the RPO.

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What We Have Learned: 1994 Status Report

Rouge Project Public Involvement Work Element

Bulletin, March 1995, 8 pages, Order Number: PI-BUL-03 **

This report describes the data results from the Rouge Project's CSO water quality sampling data collection efforts in 1994. Pollutant data results of bacteria, nutrients, total suspended solids, biochemical oxygen demand and dissolved oxygen are discussed individually for both wet weather and dry weather conditions. Graphs and maps of the data analysis are included. Future sampling plans are presented for other pollutant sources such as storm water, illicit connections, failing septic systems and leaching dumps.

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What We Have Learned: 1995 Status Report

Rouge Project Public Involvement Work Element

Bulletin, May 1996, 8 pages, Order Number: PI-BUL-04 **

This update is the second water quality status report of the Rouge River and is based primarily on water chemistry analysis. Overall, the results from the 1995 sampling season are similar to those found in 1994. Results of bacteria, nutrients, total suspended solids, biochemical oxygen demand and dissolved oxygen are described for wet and dry weather conditions.

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Last Updated: 4/24/2012

Please address all comments and suggestions about the contents of this Web page to DOEHElp@co.wayne.mi.us.

The Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project is funded, in part, by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Grants #XP995743-01, -02, -03, -04, -05, -06, -08, -09 and C-264000-01.