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Institutional Arrangements


Representatives of the Rouge Project have developed numerous technical reports concerning institutional arrangements. To view reports that specify other topics the rouge project addresses, click on Wetlands, Watershed Management, Geographic Information Systems/Data Management, Non-point Source Pollution, Illicit Discharges/Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems, Financial and Institutional Arrangements, Modeling and Monitoring, and Combined Sewer Overflows for general information on the program.
  1. A Summary Report of Watershed Organizations
  2. Economic and Financial Condition of Four Rouge River Communities
  3. Financial/Institutional Issues: Bringing it all Together
  4. Review of Michigan Drain Code of 1956
  5. The Great Lakes Initiative
  6. Value Engineering - Final Value Engineering Report

A Summary Report of Watershed Organizations

Jack Bails

Technical Report, November 2001, 56 pages, Order Number: RPO-TR42 **

At the Rouge River Retreat held on October 4, 2001, at the University of Michigan Dearborn, Environmental Interpretative Center, the permit holding local agencies formed an Ad Hoc Drafting Committee to investigate alternative organizational structures for a new Rouge River watershed entity. The Drafting Committee's first charge was to review existing watershed organizations in Michigan and throughout the nation to determine if any could serve as a model for the type of organization outlined by participants at the Retreat. The following summary was prepared by the Rouge Program Office at the request of the Wayne County Department of Environment for the use by the Drafting Committee. The report contains contact information (web site or phone numbers) that members of the drafting committee can use to obtain more detailed information on their own about each of the watershed organizations listed.

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Economic and Financial Condition of Four Rouge River Communities

Public Sector Consultants, Inc.

Supplemental Report, September 1997, 15 pages, Order Number: NPS-SR24.00 **

The Economic and Financial Condition of Four Rouge River Communities was prepared by Public Sector Consultants for the Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project; for the review of economic and financial conditions of the four Rouge River communities: (1) Inkster, (2) Dearborn, (3) Dearborn Heights, and (4) Redford Township. Its primary purpose for this study was to compare the economic and fiscal condition of the communities with the projected costs of the CSO investments. This financial study begins with a summary of the most recent measures of economic and financial health of the four communities and compare these measures to averages for Wayne County and the entire state. Present next, is an estimate of the annual costs for Phase I and II of the CSO projects and analyze the financial burden on the communities of these ongoing costs. The last section of this report discusses the adaptation of a methodology outlined by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Looking at measures such as unemployment and debt burden, the EPA created a systematic measure of whether the project costs present a "high", "medium", or "low" financial burden in each community. The projected costs to reduce discharge from CSOs will be a significant financial burden for each of the communities. Capital costs of between $250 million and $320 million will be needed for the second phase of the project. The City of Dearborn alone will need to spend $200 million in initial capital costs. Once the infrastructure is in place, each community will have to dedicate resources for operations and maintenance, ranging from $750,000 per year in Inkster to $1.0 million per year in Dearborn and Dearborn Heights.

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Financial/Institutional Issues: Bringing it all Together

James E. Murray, and Jack Bails

Paper, October 1994, 10 pages, Order Number: WEFTEC94-02 **

Political institutions within the Rouge River Watershed each have differing needs, abilities to pay for environmental remediation and priorities assigned to watershed pollution. To restore water quality in the Rouge River, each jurisdiction, under current institutional arrangements, must fund equal measures to eliminate pollution regardless of their need, ability to pay, or the priority the community assigns to the problem. There are many advantages to an integrated watershed-wide approach to managing watershed pollution problems, but new or modified financial and institutional arrangements will be necessary. The Rouge Project established a working group to identify potential beneficial system modifications. The key unanswered question is whether an institutional and financial arrangement can be constructed by mutual consent or will solutions have to be mandated through enforcement actions placed on local communities.

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Review of Michigan Drain Code of 1956

Durbin, Jack and Kathy Murphy

Supplemental Report, April 1995, 226 pages, Order Number: NPS-SR02.00 **

This document outlines and summarizes the chapters of the Michigan Drain Code as it presently operates and provides in practical terms the maintenance options available for the maintenance of the Rouge River. Once a Special Assessment District has been established under the Michigan Drain Code for the Rouge River, the removal of flow obstructions and the installation of bank stabilization methods can be financed. The document provides the framework for maintaining the river.

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The Great Lakes Initiative

Various Regulatory Agencies

Supplemental Report, May 1997, Order Number: WMGT-SR15.00 **

The Great Lakes Initiative (GLI) is a special regulatory program to provide an enhanced level of protection to the waters in the Great Lakes Basin. The GLI has a primary focus of controlling the discharge of bioaccumulative chemicals of concern (BCCs). Because of the very low concentration of the BCCs in waste streams, the GLI strongly encourages the use of pollution prevention practices to meet the effluent limits that will be set under the GLI. The Rouge River Project lead an effort with a number of Great Lakes Cities (called the GLI Cooperative Effort) to explore available information on the sources of BCCs through the use of pollution prevention practices-what is working and what has not worked. A large number of other cities in the Great Lakes Basin will need to gather this same information. The GLI Cooperative Effort collectively decided to hold a series of seminars in the Great Lakes Basin to present the information to interested cities. The first of the seminars was held on May 20, 1997 in Chicago, Illinois and was sponsored by the Association of Metropolitan Sewage Agencies, the Water Environment Federation, the National League of Cities and the Northeast-Midwest Institute in cooperation with the eight Great Lakes States and USEPA. Other seminars are being organized by certain of the Great Lakes States and will probably occur in the Fall of 1997 or the Spring of 1998. The following is a list of some of the materials that are available as presented at the May 20 seminar: 1. Seminar Agenda 2. A description of the Detroit, Michigan Pollution Prevention Program (Available from City of Detroit Water & Sewage Department-313/224-2104). 3. Blueprint for Mercury Reduction Project Guidance for Wastewater Treatment Plants (Available from the Western Lake Superior Sanitary District, Duluth, Minnesota-218/722-3336). 4. Mecury Sourcebook-A Guide to Help Your Community Identify & Reduce Release of Elemental Mercury (Contact the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources-608/267-7639). 5. "MWRA/MASCO Hospital Mercury Work Group-Project Overview" by the Medical Academic and Scientific Community Organization, Inc. A program to reduce mercury discharges from hospitals-Internet at http://www.masco.org/mercury. 6. "Pollution Prevention at POTWs-Resource list: Mercury, General, Contacts" by USEPA Region 5, Chicago-(312/886-0180). 7. "Environmental, Health and Safety, Performance Report, 1995-1996" a program of "Responsible Care" by the Chemical Manufacturers Association.

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Value Engineering - Final Value Engineering Report

Riek, George and Jeffrey Boerma

Miscellaneous Report, February 1996, 7 pages, Order Number: VE-MM04.00 **

The Final Value Engineering (VE) Report summarizes the accepted results of the VE studies conducted by the Rouge Program Office. Twelve workshops were held during the period of July 1993 through November 1995, and resulted in estimated cost savings of $16,294,295. This report is the final product of value engineering study.

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Last Updated: 5/18/02

Please address all comments and suggestions about the contents of this Web page to rougeweb@co.wayne.mi.us.

The Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project is funded, in part, by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Grants #XP995743-01, -02, -03, -04, -05, -06, -08 and C-264000-01.