Wayne County's Wetland Mitigation
and Wetland Preservation Fund
Since the beginning of the Rouge River restoration effort, the
stakeholders involved in the effort have recognized that habitat
restoration, especially wetlands, was an important part of the overall
restoration strategy. The following summary provides a description
of two programs established by Wayne County to provide for the restoration
of wetlands in the watershed.
Wetland Preservation Fund
The watershed management plans for the Rouge River have identified
habitat goals, including the restoration of wetlands, identification
of wetland areas, and preservation of remaining wetlands. Estimates
of wetland loss vary, but one study has estimated that approximately
80% of the wetlands in the watershed have been lost since European
settlement of the watershed. Given this historic loss and the desire
to protect and restore wetlands in the watershed, a program was
established to facilitate achieving these goals.
Wayne County established the Wetland Preservation Fund (WPF) on
June 4, 1998 with the assistance of a grant from the Environmental
Protection Agency. The WPF has been created to restore, create,
and protect wetlands in the watershed at locations that provide
benefits to the public through improved environmental quality. The
improvement is achieved by designing wetland projects that improve
water quality, increase fish and wildlife habitat, improve flood
control and provide educational and passive recreation opportunities.
Wetland restoration and protection sites were identified through
a GIS based wetland mapping and assessment program that identified
opportunities for wetland restoration and protection.
Once a site is selected, a design is developed that provides for
the values and benefits to be created and restored at the selected
site. The design process identifies the manner and extent of earth
changes, design hydrology, and vegetation establishment goals. Using
the final design for each wetland, a cost estimate is prepared.
The construction process is initiated by requesting from prequalified
contractors a bid to construct the wetland using the design plans
developed by the design consultant. The bids are received, reviewed
by a selection committee and a decision is made to select a contractor.
Once the contractor is selected and a contract is awarded, the contractor
begins the construction process. During construction, the wetland
design consultant monitors the construction process to assure that
the intent of the wetland creation or restoration is reflected in
the constructed wetland. The wetland consultant also serves to clarify
any questions regarding intent of the wetland design and resolves
conflicts between the plans and actual conditions on the wetland
construction site. To review the specifications
for the construction of a wetland preservation fund project, click
Wetlands Mitigation Bank
The cost of wetland construction is provided for by the WPF. The
WPF has been organized to allow the fund to be renewed from a variety
of funding sources. Wetlands that are created in the watershed may
be sold to qualified buyers for use as mitigation credits associated
with state or federal permits or as special environmental projects
associated with settling a complaint from a resource agency for
unauthorized wetland disturbance. The funds acquired by sale of
created wetlands are deposited in the WPF to be used for creation
and restoration of additional wetland areas. Funding to maintain
the WPF may also be derived through acquiring grants, gifts, and
other sources of funding. All funds acquired on behalf of the WPF
are restricted and can be used only for the planning, design, and
construction of wetlands or for the purchase of land required for
protecting existing wetland resources. Click
here for recent information about the Hines Park wetlands project
established under the Wayne County Wetlands Mitigation Bank.
Attached are five documents applicable to the Wayne County Wetlands
Preservation Fund and the Wetlands Mitigation Bank:
NOTE: Operation of the Wayne County Wetland Preservation Fund and Wetland Mitigation Bank is currently suspended.